This may be preaching to the choir. A barter group publishes this message every month, and has done so for the last 5+ years. I am not sure I could have passed a test on this before I read this information. Most of it redundant, but maybe you can glean bits of heretofore unknown-to-you facts.
Cake Types Information
By: The Southern Living Cookbook, 1987,
There are two basic kinds of cakes. Most are classified as
shortening or butter cakes; the others are sponge-type cakes, discussed
Shortening cakes are the type you probably bake most often. They
include the basic white, yellow, and chocolate cakes, pound cakes, fruitcakes,
and any others that are made with shortening, butter, or margarine (use only
stick-type margarine, not whipped). They usually depend on baking powder or
baking soda for leavening. Sometimes eggs are added whole; sometimes
separated and the whites beaten until fluffy before adding.
recipe specifies otherwise, use the standard mixing procedure.
Pound cakes take their name from the original
recipe -- a pound each of butter, sugar, eggs, and flour. Today's pound cakes
include more ingredients than the original recipe, but the rich flavor still
Fruit and Nut Cakes:
Especially around holiday time, many
Southerners look for those chunky
fruit and nut cakes that typify the season.
The most popular kind of
holiday fruitcake, our version of which is called
Light Fruitcake, can be baked up to three weeks in advance. Soak the cake in
brandy to keep it moist and flavorful until its Christmas debut.
with a Mix:
Keep a few packages of cake mix on hand for occasions when you're
short on time and ingredients. These recipes add just a few extras to the mix
that will win you compliments every time. In fact you'll probably find yourself
making these recipes even when you have enough time to bake from
Examine the label of the cake mix closely before you buy it.
Different brands of the same flavor of cake mix can vary greatly, and it can
make a big difference in the end product if you don't use the intended
Make sure to choose the exact ounce size specified in the
recipe, and check to see whether or not pudding is included in the
Angel, Sponge, and Chiffon Cakes:
Often grouped together in food
textbooks under the label of "foam" cakes, these desserts are noted for their
lightness and delicacy. They all depend on beaten egg whites for their
characteristic texture, while subtle differences distinguish the three types of
Angel food cakes are the purest. They contain no leavening, no
egg yolks, and no shortening. Sponge cakes contain yolks as well as beaten
whites, andsometimes leavening; they never contain shortening.
cake batters are often used for jelly roll-type cakes.
Chiffon cakes contain
qualities of both foam and shortening cakes. Their lightness comes from beaten
egg whites, but they do contain egg yolks, leavening, and shortening or oil.
Egg whites play an important role in foam cakes, so handle them so they'll yield
the best volume. Separate the eggs as soon as they are removed from the
refrigerator, but allow the whites to come to room temperature before beating.
Always beat the whites just before adding them to the batter; they'll lose
volume even if beaten and set aside for a few minutes.
Foam cakes are
commonly baked in tube pans, but make sure the pans are not greased. The batter
will cling to the sides and rise higher in ungreased pans.
Cool foam cakes
upside-down to prevent shrinking and falling. To cool, invert the hot cake pan.
If the pan has feet, let it cool on the feet. If not, set the pan over the neck
of a bottle so air can circulate beneath it. When cool, gently loosen the sides
with a knife.
Anything helpful there?